The E-Safety Bill 2023 (the “Bill”) is a hugely problematic piece of legislation, which will stifle freedom of expression and speech in Pakistan if passed in its current form. It will also cripple Pakistan’s nascent digital economy. From its preamble, the Bill claims to protect the fundamental rights of users of Social Network Platforms, foster competition, increase private investment, and safeguard the interests of users concerning e-commerce services and related matters. However, from the detailed examination it is evident that the actual purpose of the Bill differs from its stated objectives

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